After submitting your Form I485 application for marriage-based permanent residency (with Form I-130), there are important next steps to follow and key information to keep in mind.
Here’s a comprehensive guide to guide you through the post-filing process:
1. Receipt Notice:
– Within a few weeks of filing, you should receive a Form I-797, Notice of Action (Receipt Notice), confirming that USCIS has received your application. Keep this notice safe, as it contains important information such as your receipt number, which you can use to track your case online.
2. Case Status Check:
– Regularly check your case status using the USCIS Case Status tool. This online portal provides real-time updates on the progress of your application, including any requests for additional evidence or notices about scheduled interviews.
3. Biometrics Appointment:
– If required, attend the biometrics appointment as scheduled by USCIS. During this appointment, your fingerprints, photograph, and signature will be taken to verify your identity and conduct background checks.
4. Requests for Evidence (RFEs):
– Be prepared to respond promptly if USCIS issues a Request for Evidence (RFE). This may involve providing additional documentation or clarification on certain aspects of your application. Failure to respond within the specified timeframe could lead to delays or denials.
5. Employment Authorization (EAD) and Advance Parole (AP):
– If you submitted Form I-765 (Application for Employment Authorization) and Form I-131 (Application for Travel Document), you may receive an Employment Authorization Document (EAD) and/or Advance Parole (AP) card. These documents allow you to work and travel while your green card application is pending.
6. Attend Green Card Interview:
– If USCIS schedules an interview, attend it as scheduled. Be well-prepared to answer questions about your relationship (if applicable), background, and eligibility. Bring original documents, and dress appropriately for the interview.
7. Case Decision:
– USCIS will notify you in writing of the decision on your green card application. If approved, you will receive your green card by mail. If denied, the notice will explain the reasons for the denial, and you may have the option to appeal the decision.
8. Address Updates:
– Ensure that USCIS has your current address throughout the application process. File a change of address with USCIS promptly if you move to a new location to avoid any potential delays or communication issues.
9. Conditional Permanent Residency (if applicable):
– If your marriage is less than two years old at the time of obtaining permanent residency, you may receive a conditional green card. Follow the instructions provided on the conditional green card to later apply for removal of conditions.
10. Legal Consultation:
– If you encounter challenges or have concerns during the process, contact us and we will be happy to assist you and help you resolve your issues/concerns.
Remember to remain proactive, stay informed, and comply with any requests or deadlines issued by USCIS. The process may take some time, but with patience and diligence, you can navigate the post-filing period successfully. Best of luck on your journey to obtaining permanent residency in the United States!
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